Link to external tool
Use in decision framework
The RESIN climate risk typology visualises Europe’s climate risk ‘landscape’ and supports climate change adaptation and resilience activity in European countries, regions and cities. The typology contains two principal outputs:
- Climate risk typology: The typology identifies and maps the distribution of a number of ‘types’ of European NUTS3 regions that share similar climate risk characteristics.
- Climate risk indicators: A series of climate risk indicators, covering climate change hazards and exposure and vulnerability to hazards, are provided at the NUTS3 level.
Projections are provided for two IPCC scenarios, RCP4.5 (medium greenhouse emissions) and RCP8.5 (high greenhouse emissions), for the future period 2036-2065 with respect to the control period 1981-2010.
Although the role of the typology in adaptation and resilience planning will differ according to issues including the spatial scale of the planning initiative (city, region, country), and the spatial scale of the NUTS3 region(s) being considered, there are several key uses for the typology that are broadly transferable. They include:
- Communicating climate risk: Communication of climate risk is an important element of securing commitment and resources to support the development and implementation of climate change adaptation and resilience strategies and responses. The typology online portal provides various visual outputs (including maps and charts) that can support the communication of climate risk.
- Understanding and analysing climate risk: The typology and underlying indicator data can be utilised to better understand climate risk. The indicator data provides an insight into factors driving climate risk in particular NUTS3 regions. For example, the indicators can help to determine whether risk is due to high exposure to hazards and/or characteristics of the population that increase their sensitivity to harm from climate hazards. The typology can also support the analysis of climate risk at broader spatial scales, for example by looking at the risk characteristics of NUTS3 regions surrounding major cities.
- Developing adaptation and resilience plans and strategies: Enhancing understanding of climate risk can support the development and implementation of adaptation and resilience plans and strategies in practice. For example, adaptation and resilience objectives can be targeted towards the particular characteristics of locations that are driving climate risk. More broadly, the risk-based approach adopted as the basis of the typology can provide a structure for adaptation and resilience planning. Further, the typology has the potential to support cities responding to specific initiatives such as the Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy, which requires signatories to undertake a climate risk and vulnerability assessment.
- Supporting collaboration and network development: The typology can be used to aid the development of networks of European cities and regions that share similar climate risk characteristics. Potential benefits of such networks include learning from cities and regions who are more advanced in their adaptation process, yet face similar climate risk characteristics.
There are three main target ‘user groups’:
- Decision-makers looking to better understand climate risk, for example when determining priorities and targeting resources to support adaptation and resilience initiatives.
- Planners engaged in developing climate change adaptation and resilience strategies and responses.
- Researchers working on adaptation and resilience themes.
The typology is self-contained. It does not require the user to input any additional data in order to develop an output from the typology that can inform and support their adaptation planning process.
Users of the typology will be able to quickly obtain data and insights that can support the achievement of their adaptation and resilience goals. We estimate that spending 30-60 minutes on the typology online portal will be sufficient time for users to gain a better understanding of climate risk in their NUTS3 region(s) of interest and to access climate risk indicator data to feed into their adaptation and resilience planning tasks.
No specialist skills are needed to use the typology. One requirement is a basic understanding of climate change risk (based on the concepts of hazard, exposure and vulnerability) and the typology online portal contains the necessary background information on this topic.
The typology online portal also contains several use cases. These are designed to support the application of the typology in practice. The role that the typology can play in adaptation and resilience planning will depend on issues including the scale at which this is taking place (e.g. city, region, country) and in some cases the scale of NUTS3 region(s) of interest. These issues are reflected in the use cases in order to make them applicable for different adaptation and resilience planning situations.
Although the process to develop the typology is complex, the outputs are straightforward results of climate risk indicators. Broadly, these consist of a NUTS3 level climate risk typology and a series of climate risk indicators at this scale (covering climate hazards and exposure and vulnerability to these hazards) that form the basis of the typology.
The typology is housed within an online portal which allows users to access and visualize the typology outputs and data. The portal also enables users to compare their NUTS3 region(s) with others in Europe.
When considering the potential uses of the RESIN climate risk typology, there are issues of spatial scale to consider. It is important to acknowledge that the typology operates at a relatively large spatial scale; the NUTS3 region scale. As a result, the typology has a role to play in climate change adaptation and resilience planning at larger and more strategic spatial scales, from the city scale upwards through to regions and countries. There are 1342 NUTS3 regions in Europe, and as they are a population-based spatial classification (each NUTS3 region between 150,000-800,000 people), their spatial scale varies widely. This issue also influences the potential uses of the typology in practice. For example, the typology will have a different role to play in a city that sits within a wider NUTS3 region compared to a city that is made up of one of more NUTS3 regions. It is also notable that some of the indicator data, particularly the indicators related to climate change projections, may be of use within adaptation and resilience planning initiatives taking place at smaller spatial scales, especially where this may represent the finest scale of projections data currently available to a particular location.
The RESIN Climate Risk Typology has been created using the most recent and best quality data available at the time of the RESIN project. A number of the indicators that underpin the typology have been developed within the RESIN project for this purpose. For example, the latest climate change data from the EURO-CORDEX programme has been used to provide new temperature and precipitation projections for Europe’s NUTS3 regions. Similarly, the most recent maps of fluvial flooding have been used to assess the level of exposure of Europe’s people and infrastructure to this hazards, data that was not previously available. The typology itself has been created using robust statistical methods including cluster analysis.
The University of Manchester has developed the typology, and the online typology portal is hosted on The University of Manchester’s servers.
Conditions for use
The typology is free to use and all elements of the typology, including the underlying indicator data, is freely available to users.
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