Link to external tool
Use in decision framework
|Generate list of appropriate approaches|
|Generate options for adaptation approaches|
|Assess adaptation options|
The RESIN Adaptation Option Library covers an extensive array of adaptation measures relating to heat, pluvial, fluvial and coastal floods and drought. In total, the library draws together measures from almost 300 papers and more than 700 scenario cases (as of 2017). Therefore, the library allows municipal experts, developers and consultants to elaborate a preliminary portfolio of feasible adaptation measures for a city, district, neighborhood or a municipal association. This portfolio should subsequently be fine-tuned by means of prioritization to be able to select the options for the adaptation strategy. The library will provide part of the information required for this prioritization step and decision making.
The library is self-contained. It does not require the user to input any additional data to generate options for adaptation approaches.
The user needs to have basic knowledge on adaptation to climate change. When familiar with the library, a user can easily and quickly extract the information needed. However, because it contains comprehensive information, the user may require some time to get used with the tool and the available information.
The library synthesizes the scientific literature related to the performance, implementation and co-benefits of adaptation measures. Measures are, therefore, not only accompanied with general information (..), but also with information regarding its effectiveness, cost-efficiency and co-benefits. The adaptation measures can be filtered or specific adaptation measure can be searched. When enough information is available it will help you to rank measures to achieve a defined objective (e.g. reduce the air temperature by 1° C). However, the library is not an exhaustive list of adaptation measures. For example, not all hazards are covered and not all measures have effectiveness and cost-efficiency data (depends on the existing literature), but it provides part of the information to support decision making.
A short description of how the library can be used to generate the desired output is presented below:
STEP 1- Decide the set of approach
The library allows the user to generate a list of options or measures considering different types of approaches, that is, to select the measures considering relevant information for the user. For example, if a city would like to compare Green vs Grey measures the filters will be different than if the city would like to search for measures specifically targeting transport.
STEP 2- Filter information based on approach
The information can be filtered by hazard type, scale of implementation of the measure, climatic region where the measure was implemented, type of measure by the IPCC’s classification of adaptation options, group of measures, specific measure (shown as options), target of the measure and sector to which the measure is applicable.
For the former example of Green vs Grey measures, the user will select on “type” filter: Ecosystem Based Adaptation (Green-Blue) or Engineered and built environment (Grey). Furthermore, if the city would like to use those measures to tackle flooding then the user will select that option from the “hazard “filter. The measures will be filtered based on type of measure and hazard. Two different searches need to be performed using those filters: Flood+green and Flood+grey to be able to compare them.
STEP 3- Navigate through the selection criteria
Once the user has a list of measures it should decide the type of information that will be used to compare, rank or select the measures. The user can navigate through 6 tabs depending on the criteria that the comparison wants to be based on. For example, if it is important the co-benefits of the measures the user can find the information in the General tab. On the other hand, if the measures are to be compared based on economical parameters such as BCR (Benefit Cost Ratio) the Cost-efficiency tab should be selected.
STEP 4- Select level of information
Once the user has filtered the information and decided on the selection criteria, for example green measures to tackle flooding in relation to costs, the user should decide whether it only requires an overview (options) or detailed information (study-cases). A selection of the measures can also be performed by selecting only the favourites.
STEP 5- Extract information
Once the relevant information has been selected, the user can click on “Export to CSV” so that the data can be saved and then treated if needed.
This is an iterative process. Thus, the steps should be repeated in case any variable or criteria should be changed.
The Adaptation Option has been developed by Tecnalia and Siemens, but it collects inputs from other partners like BC3, the University of Manchester, EIVP, TNO, Arcadis and the University of Bratislava.
Conditions for use
It is a free tool and there are not limitations for use.
The AOL has been co-created together with the cities of Bilbao, Paris, Bratislava and Greater Manchester. The assessment of the different adaptation measures in the AOL was useful for Bratislava when summarising the information required by the Mayors Adapt monitoring framework, to which Bratislava has to report being a signatory of this initiative. Bilbao used the AOL to extract options for the Adaptation Plan.