RAMSES Determining key climate risks for cities


Ramses Handbook, go to contents and click worksheet no.4: Determining key climate risks for cities’.


RAMSES is a European research project, which delivered much-needed quantified evidence of the impacts of climate change and the costs and benefits of a wide range of adaptation measures, focusing on cities. RAMSES engaged with stakeholders to ensure its outcomes are policy relevant and ultimately enable the design and implementation of adaptation strategies in the EU and beyond.

The ‘Determining key climate risks for cities’ worksheet developed within this project is a step-by-step description of steps to take to identify the main risks facing your city. It can be found a an addendum of the RAMSES handbook and training package. The descriptions are clear, sometime supported by examples and suggestions. It includes identifying ‘knock-on’ consequences; impacts related to weather phenomena, but not weather themselves, such as wildfires or flooding. Scoring of likelihood and consequences is done by expert opinion, which leaves room for interpretation. The result is a risk score for each of the climate hazards identified.

Use in decision framework

climate threat


The method calls for scoring likelihood and consequence of a pre-defined list of climate hazards by a panel of experts. It does not specify on basis of information this scoring has to be done or what supporting tools are available.


The method follows a five-step procedure:

  • get the climate hazards to be assessed from a pre-defined list
  • Score them on likelihood
  • Score them on consequences
  • Calculate the risk
  • Prioritize the list by risk score


The result is a risk score for each of the climate hazards identified.


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