RAMSES Backcasting to identify long-term climate adaptation goals


RAMSES is a European research project, which delivered much-needed quantified evidence of the impacts of climate change and the costs and benefits of a wide range of adaptation measures, focusing on cities. RAMSES engaged with stakeholders to ensure its outcomes are policy relevant and ultimately enable the design and implementation of adaptation strategies in the EU and beyond.

The ‘Backcasting to identify long-term climate adaptation goals’ worksheet developed within this project is a step-by-step description of steps to take to identify long-term climate adaptation goals. It can be found a an addendum of the RAMSES handbook and training package. The method is based on expert opinion, requiring a wide range of expertises and policy sectors. The steps are described at a high level, which makes the method open for interpretation.

Relation to decision framework

 Goal setting


The method requires information about projects, initiatives and activities related to the adaptability and resilience to climate change. It requires defining concrete goals and listing scenario’s associated with those goals. In the last step, the participants are asked to work out backwards, from result to actions what is needed to achieve each of the outlined scenario’s.


The method consists of the following steps:

  • Baseline review
  • Definition of goals
  • Steps and milestones
  • Assigning roles and responsibilities


The output of the method are action plans to achieve a list of defined climate adaptation goals.


Not available