Method – Q method

Description

A method to systematically collect information on stakeholders viewpoints and beliefs1)Exel J.van , Graaf G. de, Q Methodology: a sneak preview, Erasmus MC, department of Health Policy and Management, 20052)Reed, M.S., Graves, A., Dandy, N., Posthumus, H., Hubacek, K., Morris, J., Prell, C., Quinn, C.H. and Stringer, L.C. (2009) Who’s in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management, Journal of Environmental Management 90, 1933-19493)Hermans LM, 2005, Actor Analysis for Water Resources Management, putting the promise into practice, ISBN 90-5972-091-1, Eburon, 2005.

Strengths

Different social discourses surrounding an issue can be identified and individuals can be categorised according to their ‘fit’ within these discourses.

Weaknesses

Does not identify all possible discourses, only the ones exhibited by the interviewed stakeholders and is time consuming, hence high costs.

Use in decision framework

Stakeholder analysis

Input

The method relies on the input of stakeholders by questionnaire, which has to be defined, and analysis of the results afterwards.

Outline

The method is applied as follows:

  • The stakeholders are identified earlier.
  • Preparation:
    • Formulate statements on specific topics.
    • Select stakeholders
  • This information can be collected through for example questionnaires or an interview.
  • Develop an interview protocol or a questionnaire
  • Conduct interview or questionnaire needs to be filled in by stakeholders
    • Persons are presented with a sample of statements about some topic. They are asked to rank-order the statements from their individual point of view
  • Based on this ranking the subjective viewpoints or personal profile of the persons can be identified.
  • An analysis should be made in order to identify social discoursed and to categorise stakeholders.

Output

Categorizing stakeholders by collecting information on stakeholders viewpoints and beliefs.

Footnotes   [ + ]

1. Exel J.van , Graaf G. de, Q Methodology: a sneak preview, Erasmus MC, department of Health Policy and Management, 2005
2. Reed, M.S., Graves, A., Dandy, N., Posthumus, H., Hubacek, K., Morris, J., Prell, C., Quinn, C.H. and Stringer, L.C. (2009) Who’s in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management, Journal of Environmental Management 90, 1933-1949
3. Hermans LM, 2005, Actor Analysis for Water Resources Management, putting the promise into practice, ISBN 90-5972-091-1, Eburon, 2005