Select optimal set of options

Goal

The purpose of this step is to assess the positive and negative imapct of each option and combinations of options in order to select the adaptation options that will be included in the adaptation strategy.

Preconditions

To determine the final list of options to be implemented, not only a list of suitable options should be available, but also additional information of each option which allows comparison. Other information that is relevant for the selection process are possible interactions and synergies between options.

Outcomes

The outcome is a selection of options to be included in the adaptation strategy.

Guidelines

Having collected all necessary information, a team of closely involved stakeholders should decide on the most optimal set of options to be implemented.

Experiences

Bratislava

Without having a good basis of knowledge and information on the different aspects that relate to climate change risks, it is extremely difficult to make appropriate choices for your adaptation plan. In Bratislava, the Action plan for adaptation includes mostly so called no-regret measures, that provide multiple benefits (for example they make public space more liveable and attractive and bring back the green and blue infrastructure into the city). Another big group of measures are instrumental measures that do not require additional funding from the city and can be achieved using policy instruments and regulations, nevertheless can be also implemented by city itself, if suitable resources are available. For each city, an optimal set would be different. The selection of options depends also on the available timeframe for realisation phase, the area of implementation and its environmental and socio-economic characteristics, the interests of the local community and other relevant stakeholders etc. Bratislava City and two of its boroughs learned its first lessons with implementing adaptation measures in optimal locations via the EEA and Norway Grants funded project “Bratislava is preparing to climate change pilot application of measures in the field of the sustainable rainwater management in urban area1)for more information see https://climate-adapt.eea.europa.eu/metadata/case-studies/eea-grants-supporting-the-city-of-bratislava-to-implement-climate-adaptation-measures.

Supporting tools and methods

Climact Prioi

CLIMACT Prio tool is a climate awareness, decision support and capacity building tool for the prioritization and assessment of climate mitigation and/or adaptation actions at a local level.  CLIMACT Prio utilises a multi-criteria approach to assist decision makers and urban planners to identify a wide range of decision criteria and set priorities among objectives while performing a analysis and assessment of climate change (mitigation or adaptation) actions.

Multi-criteria analysisi

Multi-criteria analysis is a generic method that allows assessment of options against different criteria.

GIZ Multi Criteria Analysis Template IMACC 2012i

This tool, can serve as a basis for creating your own MCA decision tool.

EconAdapt multi-criteria analysis methodi

Multi-criteria analysis is a generic method that allows assessment of options against different criteria.

EconAdapt multi-criteria analysis of adaptation options tooli

This tool, developed as example how to perform the CLIMADA MCA method, can serve as a basis for creating your own MCA decision tool.

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Bankability Resiliency Tool (BART)

Based upon the results of BART and insights gained the optimal set of options (also committed) could be selected. To do this:

  • The BART analyses the investments connected to adaptation measures, calculates the expected benefits and provides insights into the cost-benefit ratio. It also splits the investments and profits over the different shareholders and future consortium partners, directly aligned to their interest.
  • Added value that could not be monetised will be shown as well and be rewarded via MultiCriteria Analysis (MCA).

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