Assess adaptation options

Goal

The purpose of this step is to assess adaptation options so they can be compared with each other.

Preconditions

A list of relevant adaptation options should be available, as well as a choice for the assessment methodology to be used and the (weighted) criteria against which to assess the options.

Outcomes

The outcome is a (ranked) list of adaptation options with qualitative or quantitative scores for criteria.

Guidelines

Having determined a (long)list of adaptation options and a set of criteria, each adaptation option can be assessed in a qualitative or (semi-)quantitative way. The practical approach to prioritise options depends on the assessment methodology chosen in the previous step. Tools that facilitate the user in performing the assessment can be found under ‘Tools and additional information’.  Some guide the user through the entire prioritisation process, others  can provide information to score certain criteria.

Experiences

No experiences available yet.

Supporting tools and methods

Climact Prioi

CLIMACT Prio tool is a climate awareness, decision support and capacity building tool for the prioritization and assessment of climate mitigation and/or adaptation actions at a local level.  CLIMACT Prio utilises a multi-criteria approach to assist decision makers and urban planners to identify a wide range of decision criteria and set priorities among objectives while performing a analysis and assessment of climate change (mitigation or adaptation) actions.

RAMSES Identifying and prioritizing different adaptation optionsi

The ‘Identifying and prioritizing different adaptation options’ worksheet developed within the RAMSES project is a step-by-step description of steps to take to create a list of adaptation options and prioritize these options.

EconAdapti

Methodical description of how en when to do multicriteria analysis.

EconAdapt multi-criteria analysis of adaptation options tooli

Excel MCA tool, automated using macros, adaptable, but only for Excel experts.

RESIN Adaptation Options Libraryi

The RESIN Adaptation Option Library covers an extensive array of adaptation measures relating to heat, pluvial, fluvial and coastal floods and drought. The Library contains specific information, namely heat and flood effectiveness and cost efficiency of these options that can provide input for assessing options.

3Dii

3Di is an interactive model for water management and can map out water flows and the effects of flooding, heavy precipitation and drought, both for the current situation – for example during heavy rainfall – and for climatological scenarios in urban and rural environments. It can also calculate the impact of implementing adaptation options.

Blue Green Dreami

Blue green dream is a tool used in a commercial consultancy process  that calculate how adaptation measures influence water, energy, comfort and financial costs/savings. It supports the modelling and calculation of water management situations before and after adaptation measures have been taken.

Adaptation Support tooli

The Adaptation Support Tool (AST) is a consultant- operated tool which can be used in design workshops by urban planners, landscape architects, water managers, civil engineers, local stakeholders and other experts to create conceptual designs. Participants use the AST on a touch screen to select adaptation interventions, situate them in their project area and immediately obtain an estimate of their effectiveness and costs.

CLIMADA Natural catastrophe damage modeli

CLIMADA is a probabilistic natural catastrophe damage model, that also calculates averted damage (benefit) thanks to adaptation measures of any kind (from grey to green infrastructure, behavioural, etc.). It is based on the Economics of Climate Adaptation (ECA) Methodology. The method is very quantitative and requires a high level of expertise to operate.

RAMSES Calculating the economic costs of health impacts and adaptationi

The ‘Calculating the economic costs of health impacts and adaptation’ worksheet developed within the RAMSES project is a tool for the economic evaluation of climate-related health impacts and adaptation at local level in the framework of the RAMSES project, which can be applied both prospectively and retrospectively.

Multi-criteria analysisi

Multi-criteria analysis is a generic method that allows assessment of options against different criteria.

EconAdapt multi-criteria analysis methodi

Multi-criteria analysis is a generic method that allows assessment of options against different criteria.

EconAdapt multi-criteria analysis of adaptation options tooli

This tool, developed as example how to perform the CLIMADA MCA method, can serve as a basis for creating your own MCA decision tool.

GIZ Multi Criteria Analysis Template IMACC 2012i

This tool, can serve as a basis for creating your own MCA decision tool.

EconAdapt Portfolio Analysisi

Portfolio Analysis is a methodology that helps examining the value of incorporating a diverse set of options in adaptation strategies, as opposed to relying on a single one. An adaptation approach (set of options which are of the same or similar type) can be valued against other adaptation approaches and the result can be used to determine which adaptation approaches would fit in the adaptation plan.

EconAdapt Portfolio analysis tooli

This tool supports the EconAdapt portflolio analysis method.

EconAdapt Cost-effectiveness analysisi

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (CEA) is a methodology used to compare different approaches to achieve pre-defined adaptation targets. CEA can be used to analyse both technical or project oriented work and policy or programme approaches, providing comparisons and rankings of options with the same adaptation objective, or identifying the least cost combination of options.

EconAdapt real-option analysisi

Real Options Analysis (ROA) is a methodology that can be used to prioritise adaptation interventions while considering the possibility to adjust them in the future. ROA can be used to determine whether interventions should be immediate or delayed and test the value of interventions which present greater flexibility down the road. ROA is most useful in situations of deep uncertainty, thus a high risk of maladaptation.

EconAdapt Robust decision makingi

Robust Decision Marking (RDM) is a methodology which aims to identify adaptation options or strategies which can perform well over a wider range of possible futures. The focus of RDM is on minimising regret rather than optimising utility.
One of the biggest strengths of RDM is its capacity to help make informed adaptation decisions possible without relying on probabilistic predictions of future climate change.

EconAdapt Minimizing maximum regret tooli

This tool is developed to support the EconAdapt Robust decision making method.

EconAdapt Iterative risk management / adaptive managementi

Iterative Risk Management, or Adaptive Management, is a well-established practice of combining monitoring, research, evaluation and learning as a means of improving future management strategies.
IRM/AM is well suited for decision contexts characterised by high uncertainties. It can help decision makers avoid taking irreversible decisions and develop plans where decisions can be adjusted appropriately.

EconAdapt Portfolio Analysisi

Portfolio Analysis (PA) is a methodology focused on designing and evaluating portfolios of adaptation options, and enables the identification of portfolios that have the highest possible expected return for a given risk, or the lowest degree of risk for a given rate of return. PA is a particularly attractive approach in the adaption context because it offers a clear way to handle climate uncertainty. It does so by selecting options which are effective together over a range of possible future scenarios, instead of selecting one best option for one future.

EconAdapt Portfolio analysis tooli

This tool is developed to support the EconAdapt Portfolio Analysis method.

iOptioneering

Optioneering can be defined as a methodology to identify breakthrough projects, e.g. feasible and bankable city district developments to raise city’s resilience level.

The optioneering session will be supported by the Bankability Resiliency Tool (BART). The BART is a MCA/CBA-based tool. The tool compares both costs and benefits from different adaptation measures. The size of application could be varied, different adaptation options could be combined; and BART will provide insight into the cost-benefit ratio.

Bankability Resiliency Tool (BART)i

The BART compares both costs and benefits from different adaptation measures. The size of application could be varied, different adaptation options could be combined; and BART will provide insight into the cost-benefit ratio.

While preparing the optioneering session and the BART the location specific facts and figures.