Generate options for adaptation approaches


Define the adaptation options (set of one or more measures) that contribute to each adaptation approach that is relevant for the area or asset under study.


To be able to perform this step, a list of preferred adaptation approaches should be available that matches goals, requirements and constraints of the area or asset under study.


For each relevant adaptation approach, a list of adaptation options has been generated.


To compile a longlist of relevant adaptation options, the adaption approaches defined for the area or asset under study can be used as a starting point. For each approach, one can draw a list of adaptation options that fit the characteristics of that approach. Inspiration for adaptation options can be found on several databases and platforms, such as the ones mentioned under the section ‘Tools and additional information’. Also, adaptation experts can be consulted to gather options. Some databases, such as the RESIN Adaptation options Library, have already integrated adaptation approaches in their methodology and can automatically generate predefined lists of options per approach.


No experiences available yet.

Supporting tools and methods

Below table provides an overview of available databases of adaptation options. The table  shows which characteristics of the options are included in the database. A full-size version of this table can be found here. For some of these databases/tools, a manual on how to use them has been included below this table.

DATABASE/CRITERIA ADAM BASE Blue Green Dream Climate-ADAPT COMPASS Climatexchange Climwat Adapt Knowledge for Climate MEDIATION RAMSES Urban greenblue grids RESIN
Threat addressed/ Climate related hazard Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Type/ kind of option Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Geographical component Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Economic sector Y Y Y Y Y Y
Time frame/horizon Y Y Y Y
Authoring Organization/Governance and institutional needs Y Y Y Y Y
Deliverability and feasibility Y Y Y
Beneficiary Group Y Y
Technical barriers and Requirements (human, regulatory, social, financial, maintenance, …) Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Effectiveness Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Performance under uncertainty Y Y Y Y Y
Efficiency Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Combinability Y Y Y Y
Side effects Y Y Y few
Experiences Y Y Y Y Y
References Y Y Y Y Y Y Y


RESIN Adaptation Options Libraryi

The RESIN Adaptation Option Library covers an extensive array of adaptation measures relating to heat, pluvial, fluvial and coastal floods and drought. The Adaptation Option Library (AOL) can create a longlist of adaptation options (or: measures) that are relevant for the area or asset under study.

Adaptation Support tooli

The Adaptation Support Tool (AST) is a consultant- operated tool which can be used in design workshops by urban planners, landscape architects, water managers, civil engineers, local stakeholders and other experts to create conceptual designs. Participants use the AST on a touch screen to select adaptation interventions, situate them in their project area and immediately obtain an estimate of their effectiveness and costs.


Optioneering can be defined as a methodology to identify breakthrough projects, e.g. feasible and bankable city district developments to raise city’s resilience level. The first part of an optioneering session, includes designing different adaptation approaches and development opportunities together with relevant stakeholders (both public and private sector).

iBankability resilience tool (BART)

The BART supports optioneering sessions during which breakthroughs / development opportunities are designed; resulting in adaptation approaches. The tool compares both costs and benefits from different adaptation measures. The size of application could be varied, different adaptation options could be combined; and BART will provide insight into the cost-benefit ratio.

While preparing the optioneering session and the BART the location specific facts and figures.