Generate list of appropriate approaches

Goal

Determine which adaptation approaches contribute to the adaptation goals and requirements.

Preconditions

In order to determine effective approaches, the adaptation goals have to be defined and the requirements have to be considered as well as the influence of non-climate trends and the context for the approaches.

Outcomes

The outcome of this step is a list of adaptation approaches that contribute to the set goals and requirements and that comply with non-climate trends and context.

Guidelines

To generate a list of appropriate approaches for a certain city context you have to reflect on the best way to achieve the adaptation goals. The following list, derived from the IPPC classification of adaptation options (Huq et al., 2014; table 14-1)1)Huq, I.R., S., Anokhin, Y.A., Carmin, J., Goudou, D., Lansigan, F.P., Osman-Elasha, B., Villamizar, A., 2014. Adaptation Needs and Options, in: Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, [Field, C.B., V.R. Barros, J.J. Dokken, K.J. Mach, M.D. Mastrandrea, T.E. Bilir, M. Chatterjee, K.L. Ebi, Y.O. Estrada, R.C. Genova, B. Girma, E.S. Kissel, A.N. Levy, S. MacCracken, P.R. Mastrandrea, and L.L. White (Eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 833–868. may provide some inspirition:

  • Engineering and technical approaches such as adjusting sewerage systems, building dikes, applying solar screens.
  • Ecosystem Based Adaptation, or the use of biodiversity and ecosystem services in what is often called Blue-Green infrastructure
  • Approaches aimed at disaster risk reduction, such as installing temporary flood barriers
  • Approaches aimed at climate adaptation in the long run
  • Approaches aimed at actions by public parties, such as citizens or local enterprises
  • Public Information: passive dissemination  of knowledge about climate change and adaptation options
  • Educational approaches: active dissemination of knowledge about climate change and adaptation options
  • Economic instruments: e.g. taxes, subsidies, and insurance arrangements
  • Laws and regulations: e.g. protected areas, building codes and re-zoning
  • Focus on specific (socio-)economic sectors, such as the harbour, or the health sector

In practice often a mixture of approaches will be chosen, in this stage it is important to list the approaches that are relevant for your context

For each approach:

  • Check whether the approach has the potential to contribute to the previously defined adaptation goals.
  • Check whether each solution approach complies with the requirements. While performing this check, new requirements, conditions, constraints, etc. might come to mind. These new insights can be added to the lists generated in the related steps (i.e. requirements, related trends and/or context).
  • Summarise the resulting list of appropriate approaches for further selection.

Experiences

No experiences available yet.

Supporting tools and methods

RESIN Adaptation Options Libraryi

The RESIN Adaptation Option Library is primarily aimed at selecting specific adaptation options, whereas in this step generic adaptation approaches should be selected. The categorisation in measure types, however, can be helpful as a basis for classifying adaptation approaches.

Adaptation support tooli

This a consultant- operated tool. Although focused on selecting specific adaptation options, in a workshop where this tool is used, the specific adaptation options presented can give an indication on whether these types of solutions would fit your adaptation plan.

Blue Green Dreami

This a consultant- operated tool. Although focused on selecting specific adaptation options, in a workshop where this tool is used, the specific adaptation options presented can give an indication on whether these types of solutions would fit your adaptation plan.

Future Cities Adaptation Compassi

The Future Cities Adaptation Compass is an Excel – based tool designed to guide the user in interlink different stakes and to check the vulnerability and adaptation options across the sectors.

Footnotes   [ + ]

1. Huq, I.R., S., Anokhin, Y.A., Carmin, J., Goudou, D., Lansigan, F.P., Osman-Elasha, B., Villamizar, A., 2014. Adaptation Needs and Options, in: Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, [Field, C.B., V.R. Barros, J.J. Dokken, K.J. Mach, M.D. Mastrandrea, T.E. Bilir, M. Chatterjee, K.L. Ebi, Y.O. Estrada, R.C. Genova, B. Girma, E.S. Kissel, A.N. Levy, S. MacCracken, P.R. Mastrandrea, and L.L. White (Eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 833–868.