To establish the baseline situation with regards to the adaptation goals, this step intends to determine indicators that can assess the performance of the city or asset in a quantitive or qualitative way.
The outcome of this step is list of relevant indicators, including a description for each indicator, a calculation methodology and data collection methods that allow monitoring the status of and progress made on each of the selected goals.
In general, indicators should express as precisely as possible to what extent an aim, a goal or a standard has been reached or even surpassed. The Frequently Encountered Challenge page on ‘Monitoring and Evaluation‘ provides guidance on how to select indicators from a longlist and includes a longlist of possible adaptation indicators for inspiration. These indicators are categorised according to risk components.
The indicators chosen at this stage to determine the baseline, will also be used in the future to monitor progress towards the adaptation goals. Therefore, it is important to thoroughly describe each indicator, including among others; to which goal it refers, why this indicator was selected, how it has to be calculated and where data can be gathered. This approach will ensure consistency in the evaluation process in the years to come.
- Develop a longlist of indicators that directly link to the adaptation goals.
- Make a first selection of indicators by type
- Make a second selection by taking into account the criteria for indicators. Pay special attention to familiarity with politicians and to data availability with stakeholders.
- Create a fact sheet for each indicator on the shortlist
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Supporting tools and methods
The ‘Identifying Indicators for resilient architecture and infrastructure’ worksheet developed within this project is a step-by-step description of steps to take to determine indicators that can be used to monitor climate adaptation progress. The method is based on expert opinion, requiring a wide range of expertises and policy sectors. The method provides lists of core dimensions of resilient systems, characteristics and benefits for urban quality, that can be used as inspiration for defining adequate indicators. The steps are described at a high level, which makes the method open for interpretation.
The Frequently Encountered Challenge page on ‘Monitoring and Evaluation‘ provides guidance on how to select indicators from a longlist and includes a longlist of possible adaptation indicators for inspiration. These indicators are categorised according to risk components.